May 6, 2019 - Coal Miners Day is observed on May 4t every year to highlight the toughest profession and the people working in coal mines. On this day several organizations, communities raises funds and awareness for other organizations in the coal mining area and workers.
This day show appreciation for the sacrifices, honor the accomplishments and remember the tragedies that these hardworking individuals experience.
Coal Miners became increasingly important during the Industrial revolution (between 1760 and 1840) when coal was burnt on a large scale to fuel stationary and locomotive engines and heat buildings. Owing to coal's strategic role as a primary fuel, coal miners have figured strongly in labour and political movements since that time.
After the late 19th century coal miners in many countries were a frequent presence in industrial disputes with both the management and government. Coal miners' politics, while complex, have occasionally been radical, with a frequent leaning towards far-left political views. A number of far-left political movements have had the support of both coal miners themselves and their trade unions, particularly in Great Britain. In France, on the other hand, coal miners have been much more conservative.
In India, coal mining began in 1774 when John Sumner and Suetonius Grant Healthy of the East India Company commenced commercial exploitation in the Raniganj Coalfield along the Western bank of Damodar River. Further, the introduction of steam locomotives in 1853 boosted demand and production of coal increases. In India, coal-rich regions are Orissa, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Chhattisgarh and some central and southern parts of the country.
Mainly miners spend their days tunneling, digging and extracting coal from the mines. It is known that more than half of India's commercial energy needs are fulfilled by coal. It is the main fuel for generating power, making steel and cement.