Mining in hot work areas during summer can cause serious health issues for miners. Everyone needs to recognize the hazards of heat stress and mine operators should provide heat-stress recognition training, monitoring, and personal protective equipment.
Symptoms of Heat Stress:
- Skin is hot, usually dry, red or spotted.
- Body temperature is over 105? F.
- Victim may be confused.
- The face may be pale or flushed.
- Muscle cramps from loss of sodium.
Heat Stress Prevention:
- Provide cool drinking water near miners.
- Encourage miners to drink a cup of water every 15 to 20 minutes.
- Avoid drinks with caffeine and large amounts of sugar.
- Use sunblockers, proper protective clothing and shade.
- Use administrative controls to rotate miners on hot jobs.
- Schedule heavy tasks during cooler times of the day.
+ Remove the miner from the hot area.
+ Apply cool wet cloths.
+ Give water if miner is awake.
+ Seek medical attention if there is no improvement.
- Apply ice directly to the skin.
- Allow the miner to become so cold that shivering develops.
- Leave the miner alone.